Beijing n’a plus d’eau, en importe des tonnes et souhaite en désaliniser des millions de mètres cubes… Une marche forcée causée par une exode rurale galopante… Un bond en avant sans regarder vers le futur.
According to statistics released by the Beijing Water Authority, Beijing’s annual water consumption has reached 3.6 billion cubic meters (950 billion gallons), far more than the 2.1 billion cubic meters (554 billion gallons) locally available.
A 13-year drought made the water crisis a visible concern. In 2002, the lake at Beijing’s Old Summer Palace dried up for seven months. In 2007 Kunming Lake, in the Summer Palace, dried up during the winter and spring.
Xu Xinyi, director of the Beijing Normal University’s College of Water Sciences, blames the city’s rising population. “We projected that Beijing’s water capacity could support 12 million people, but Beijing’s population has now reached 20 million people,” Xu told China Dialogue.